1997-1998 © Gavin Spearhead

  1. What is it?

    HTML2TEXT is a utility that converts HTML files to plain text. Optionally it also tries to figure out if the HTML file is well-constructed.

    Click here to download now!

  2. What's the legal stuff?

    All Rights Reserved.

    Permission to use, copy, and distribute this software and its documentation for any purpose and without fee is hereby granted, provided that the above copyright notice appear in all copies and that both that copyright notice and this permission notice appear in supporting documentation, and that the name Gavin Spearhead not be used in advertising or publicity pertaining to distribution of the software without specific, written prior permission.

    *** DISCLAIMER ***



  3. General information

    This documentation is written in HTML format in way that it is readable in a text viewer as good as possible and as long as the HTML format allows it. A to-text-converted version is also included.

    All my documentations are, since about June 1997, written in HTML. Prior to that date they were written in plain text. This means a) that I can put them on the big web, b) they're readable at all time and c) at all machines that have a browser for it and d) they're easily converted to other formats, such as Postscript, Wordperfect and of course plain-text e) I can easily make formatted documentations.

    Any bugs, errors, suggestions, thought, ideas, etc should be sent to the author, these also includes errors in the documentation. Also the existence of not supported HTML-tags or entity sequences can be sent to the author, along with a description, restrictions and options. No matter how puny or important your help is, I need your help to improve this program.
    If you want to become a beta tester of this program contact me and I'll send you the details. Unfortunately I cannot give rewards other then gratitude.

    You are encouraged to register this piece of software. This means that you will either receive the latest version when it is released or a note that a new version is released. It also gives me an idea about how many people use this program and how it's spread. The information provided to register will not be used for other purpose then HTML2TEXT and by any other persons other then me.
    There are three ways to register:

    1. Start your web-browser and fill in the form.
    2. Convert register.htm to a text file, edit it to fill in the entries and email it to me.
    3. Same as above but print it and send it to my postal address.
    Be sure to enter the correct email address on the form! If not I might not be able to send you the registration key.

    Note that registration is Free of charge!

    When you're registered you will become a private registration key, so that your name is written when you execute the program instead of Unregistered. However no other function will be available in the registered version. In other words the unregistered version is not crippled This file will be sent via email if possible. This is currently the only way to receive the registration key. When you order (see below) you will automatically be registered and the key can be found on the disk.

  4. Which files are contained in the package?

    HTML2TXT.EXEThe executable.
    HTML2TXT.CFGConfiguration file with options.
    HTML2TXT.INIIni-file with entity references.
    HTML2TXT.HTMDocumentation for HTML2TEXT in HTML format.
    HTML2TXT.TXTDocumentation for HTML2TEXT in plain text format.
    REGISTER.HTMRegistration form in HTML format.
    LONGFILE.BTM4DOS batch file to convert HTML files which does support Windows 95 long filenames.

    If one of the files is missing, throw the package away and ask the author for a new and complete copy. The address is at the end of the file.

  5. What does it do?

    HTML2TEXT converts HyperText Mark-up Language (HTML) files to plain-text (ASCII) files. The following rules are applies for this:

  6. How to start it?

    A quick start instruction is to type on the commandline:
      HTML2TXT file.htm
    This will convert the file "file.htm" to "file.txt".

    The full syntax of HTML2TEXT is:

       HTML2TXT <filespecification> @<listfile> <options>

    <Filespecification> is the name of the files to convert, it may include wildcards (* and ?). More than one file specification may appear on the command line. Note that long filenames (Windows 95/NT) are not supported. This means that input filenames have to be of the 8.3 format (Every W95/NT file has a 8.3 filename and optionally a long filename). The output will always be a 8.3 filename. 4DOS users (v5.5+) can use the %@SFN[...] function to get the short filename of a long filename (see 4DOS documentation for details). A 4DOS batch file is also included to perform conversion of files with long filenames, see below. Windows 95 users can drag and drop files to the executable, Windows then uses the short filename anyway.

    @<listfile> is a name of a file that contains the names of files to convert. The <listfile> may not contain wildcards. Each of these filenames must appear on a single line. Empty lines are permitted and files may have leading or trailing whitespace characters. The names of these files have the same restrictions as the files from the <filespecification>. You cannot use options in a listfile.

    <options> can be the following:
    -a- Do not display text for links.
    -A Do not display links, images and forms
    -b- Do not mark bold text.
    -b+ Mark bold text by embracing it with stars (*).
    -b:<chars> Specifies the two characters used to mark bold text. Exactly two characters have to be given.
    -B- Don't print borders for tables.
    -B:<num>Use predefined border <num>, where <num> is
    1. 7 bit ASCII (using -|+)
    2. Single lines
    3. Double lines
    4. Double horizontal lines and single vertical lines
    5. Single horizontal lines and double vertical lines
    6. Single frame only
    7. Double frame only
    8. Double frame, single cell separators
    9. Single frame, double cell separators
    For a graphical example of those tables look at the config file.
    -c Automatically create directory when the specified output path does not exist.
    -c- Ask to create when the specified output path does not exist.
    -C:<num>Sets the charset to use. <num> can be any number from 1 to 9. By default one is chosen, except when windows is detected (in enhanced mode, but who cares) then the default is 3.
    1 : ASCII (7 bit)
    2 : Extended ASCII (8 bit)
    3 : Windows ISO 8859/1
    4-9: user definable
    -D Show hidden input fields as normal text fields.
    -D- Hide hidden input fields.
    -e Fast conversion. Equals the options I-ha-F-w-t-O-N-
    It doesn't always look real nice, but fast it is.
    -E- Do not read the ini file and thus not convert any entity references, except of the form &#nnn; by using nnn as the ASCII value.
    -f Get input from standard input, then read the files specified. Input from standard input will be converted and then output to standard output.
    -f- Only read the files specified.
    -F- Do not display input fields in forms.
    -h Do not display HTML2TEXT messages. (hush)
    -h- Do display HTML2TEXT messages.
    -H Stop after reading </html>.
    -H- Continue after reading </html>.
    -i- Do not mark italic text.
    -i+ Mark italic text by embracing it with slashes (/).
    -i:<chars> Specifies the two characters used to mark italic text. Exactly two characters have to be given.
    -I- Don't display any text for images.
    -l:<chars>Specifies the characters used for list elements of unordered lists. The first is for the type Square, the second for Disc and the third for Circle. None of the three may be omitted.
    -L:<char>Specifies the character to use for filling up empty spaces in text fields of forms.
    -m Mark errors in the output file.
    -m- Do not mark errors in the output file.
    -N Display the full path of the converted file in the output.
    -N- Do not display the full path of the converted file in the output.
    -o:<char> Controls the overwriting policy for existing files <char> can be one of the following:
    • A: Always overwrite
    • V: Never overwrite
    • D: Always append
    No suffix means that the user will be asked.
    -O- Don't use a log file.
    -O+ Use a log file. If none is specified previously HTML2TXT.LOG will be used.
    -O:<File>Use <File> as a log file.
    -p:<num>Set the indenting for lists to <num>.
    -P- Do not display a progress indicator
    -P+ Display a progress indicator. In the upper left corner a wheel will be shown
    -q Treat balancing of quotes strictly.
    -q- Treat balancing of quotes relaxed. A '>' always ends a tag.
    -r Print lists of roman type as ordinary numbers.
    -r- Print lists of roman type with roman numerals.
    -R Only display original text in the output.
    Equals the options: a-b-F-I-i-N-u-.
    -s Output will be redirected to standard output.
    -s- Files will be used for output, the output filename will be derived from the output path and the filename entered.
    -S Stretch tables to the full width of the page. This looks neat when you've more short tables with similar data.
    -S- Do not stretch tables to the full width of the page. The width of the table is the minimum width required.
    -t Reformat tables.
    -t- Simple table conversion. Just insert a number of spaces between elements.
    -T Display the title in the output file as -= <title> =-.
    -T2 The same as -T but omits the -= and =-.
    -T- Do not display any title.
    -u- Do not mark underlined text.
    -u+ Mark underlined text by embracing it with underscores (_).
    -u:<chars> Specifies the two characters used to mark underlined text. Exactly two characters have to be given.
    -v Display version info.
    -w Warn for HTML-errors in the source file.
    -w- Do not warn for HTML-errors in the source file.
    -W:<num>Set the line length to <num>. Maximum line length is 255.
    -W- No line wrapping will be performed.
    -W Set line length to the screenwidth (usually 80).
    -y- Do not use hyphenation.
    -? Displays short a help.

    I know the program suffers from creeping featuritis!

    Most options are different from the options of the version before version 1.50 of HTML2TEXT. This was necessary to maintain some logic in the naming of the options, which have increased immensely in number. Otherwise the characters used would be quite cryptic. Please read the section above carefully. And options are now case-sensitive.

    You can concatenate options to save space. Except -O:<File> which must be the last. Better use the config file to set this variable.

    The result file will have the same name as the original file, but with the extension specified in the config-file (default is .txt), unless the original extension was the same as the extension of the output file, then the extension will be `.tx1' (always).

    All messages are written to standard error, unless hush is set. 4DOS users can also redirect standard error or use the Windows clipboard by the device `clip:'.

  7. Can I use another way to specify options?

    Yes, you can. There are two other ways to specify the options. First of all you can use the HTML2TXT.CFG file (see next section). And second you can use the environment variable H2T_SW. You can set all options in this variable.
     Eg. set H2T_SW=-b-u-T2
    will switch marking of underlined text and bold text off and switch the title to setting 2. The leading `-' can be omitted.

  8. What do the files HTML2TXT.INI & HTML2TXT.CFG do?

  9. What is the order of reading options?

    When HTML2TEXT starts all options are set to the default value. Then the HTML2TXT.CFG file is read. Next the environment variable H2T_SW is read and finally the commandline options are read. This means that any redefining of options will overwrite the previous settings.

  10. Which tags does it recognise?

    Tag What it does in HTML2TEXT
    A Checks optionally link_text or name_text is written
    contrary to previous versions, this one always needs a closing tag.
    ABBR Checks.
    ADDRESS See tag: I.
    APPLE Checks, ignores text between <APPLET></APPLET>.
    AREA Ignores.
    B Checks, Optionally writes BOLD-token.
    BASE Ignores.
    BDO Checks.
    BGSOUND Ignores.
    BIG Checks.
    BLINK Checks.
    BLOCKQUOTEChecks, indents.
    BODY Checks.
    BQ Checks, indents; same as blockquote
    BR Writes a newline.
    BUTTON Writes a button and uses button_text.
    CAPTION Determines a caption for tables, Checks.
    CENTER Checks, centers when linewrap is on.
    CITE see tag: I.
    CODE See tag: Pre.
    COL Checks.
    COMMENT Ignores anything between <COMMENT></COMMENT>,. Checks.
    DD Inserts newline and indents.
    DEL Checks.
    DFN See tag: I.
    DIR See tag: OL.
    DIV Checks, writes a newline at both open and close tag.
    DL Starts a definition list, Checks.
    DT Inserts a newline.
    EM see tag: I.
    EMBED Ignores.
    FRAME Ignores.
    FONT Checks.
    FORM Checks.
    H Checks.
    HD1 Writes the text to screen with embracing newlines.
    HEAD Checks.
    HR Writes a line of `='s in case size >3 or else a line of `-'s. The length is absolute or relative set according to the width value.
    HTML Everything after </HTML> is optionally ignored, Checks.
    I Checks, Optionally writes ITALIC-token.
    IFRAME Checks.
    IMG Ignored, Optionally writes image_text.
    INPUT Ignored.
    ISINDEX Write a prompt plus optionally [ Input ].
    KBD See B.
    LI Writes a list element identifier, for ULs a * or specified in config-file, for OL a number, parameter type and value used.
    LEGEND Checks.
    LINK Ignores.
    LISTING See tag: Pre.
    MAP Checks.
    MARQUEE Checks.
    MENU See tag: OL.
    META Ignores.
    NEXTID Ignores.
    NOBR Checks.
    OBJECT Checks.
    OL An ordered list, Checks, type parameter used.
    OPTION Ignores.
    P Starts a new paragraph and adjusts alignment.
    PARAM Ignores.
    PRE Output as is, Checks (line wrap is not ignored, if on).
    Q Checks.
    S see tag: strike.
    SAMP Checks.
    SCRIPT Ignores anything between <SCRIPT></SCRIPT>, Checks.
    SELECT Checks.
    SMALL Checks.
    SOUND Ignores.
    SPACER Ignores.
    SPAN Checks.
    STRIKE Checks.
    STRONG See tag: B.
    STYLE This is treated as it were a comment. Technically it sets info on various colours, etc.
    SUB Checks.
    SUP Checks.
    TABLE Checks, starts/finishes a table.
    TBODY Checks.
    TD Defines a table cell.
    TFOOT Checks.
    THEAD Checks.
    TH Defines a table header cell.
    TITLE Writes the title, if within <HEAD></HEAD>, Checks.
    TR Defines a table row.
    TT Checks.
    U Checks.
    UL An unordered list, Checks, type parameter used.
    VAR See tag: Pre.
    WBR Ignores.

    These are all the tags from the HTML-specification version 4.0. Not all are currently fully implemented although most are. Also included are some browser specific tags, for either Netscape as Microsoft Internet Exploder. The full specification of HTML can be found here.

    Here Checks means that for every open tag a matching closing tag is sought. In most cases the order of the closing tags are not relevant, but sometimes the output will be unexpected when tags are closed in the wrong order.

    Here Ignores means that the tag is just ignored, no output is generated and no checks are performed. Mostly these will be tag that set options to the output that have no meaning in plain text files. What would a client side map, for example do in a text file?

    Some tags may have optional closing tags, these are ignored and not checked. Eg. <tr>,<td>,<th>,<p>. Changed from previous versions is that the anchor tag (<a ...>) now always needs a closing tag, although for most name definitions these are usually left out. Some of those tags need a closing tag (preceded by a slash), these will be checked, if the tag was opened before. It will also be checked if those tags are closed in the right order. Furthermore is checked that tags are not nested if not necessary (eg. bold), this might indicate a missing slash in the tag in the second tag. Lots of tags are simply ignored and thus generate no output. Some tags optionally generate output. Any text after </html> is optionally ignored. Mainly to prevent garbage output. Some tags cause the following text to be ignored until a closing tag appears.

    Unknown tags are ignored and optionally a message is generated.

    Note that this just specifies the actions taken by HTML2TEXT and not what the HTML specification says about tags, however I have tried to implement the tags close to the specification as possible.

    Tables generate the following output. Every table row is written on at least one line, and every row yields a linefeed. Table columns are separated by at least one space or other cell separator. Some options are implemented for tables, but currently do not all work very well, a row can only be affected by at most one rowspan and one colspan. Also text won't be stretched to the full length of cells with rowspans, the cells below will be empty instead. Colspan is currently implemented, the content of the cells will be stretched of the number of columns according to the collspan. Tables are squeezed to a minimum size or strectched to the full width, if linewrap is chosen. Otherwise a cell will be of the length of the longest cell in the column. The squeezing and stretching of cells is done is quite a rough fashion. For long tables check out the config-file to set some parameters so that those are handled well too (who uses tables larger than 256 × 10 with cells of more than 64 KB, however some people build their whole pages in a table...). if you do you will have to increase the max_rows and the max_cols in the config-file. If this is necessary the most likely error messages are error 13 and error 14. Also possible are error 7 and error 12. Except for error 12 these errors are fatal errors. Occasionally this may also lead a situation in which your machine seems not to respond. Too long cells, ie larger than 64k will be truncated.
    Nested tables aren't supported either, those will be treated as if the notables option is set to on. Only the outer-table will be formatted.

  11. What does it output?

    HTML2TEXT can have two kinds of output:

    1. It can just throw all output to standard output. This means that all files specified are concatenated to stdout. This also means that one can `pipe' or redirect the output directly.

    2. It can create files with extension specified in the config-file (or `tx1' in case the input has that extension). If the output already exists, the user is asked to confirm overwriting of the file.

    Note that all messages are written to standard error. This is because one needs to make a distinction between the converted text and the additional info output by HTML2TEXT. Thus any messages are written to the screen even if stdout is redirected. Standard error can be redirected as well btw (however does not support it). Also the hush option will prevent output to stderr.

    When the output path specified in the config file does not exist, by default, the user is asked whether the path should be created. When the answer is no or the creation did not succeed the current path is used.

    HTML2TEXT sometimes uses temporary files to store data. These are of the format H2T_xxxx.$$$. where the xxxx stands for a number. Those files can safely be deleted after using HTML2TEXT. Most of the time the program handles that itself. However the files are not deleted on fatal errors or user interruptions.

  12. How does it get input?

    HTML2TEXT can get input from two sources. First it can read files specified on the commandline, wildcards are permitted and from the listfile. Secondly the input can be derived from the console. In other words input can be redirected from standard input. Use the -f option to set redirection on. If no filename is specified, it expects input from standard input too. This means that programmes can `pipe' their output to HTML2TEXT and also input can be redirected from files. Eg.
       type myhtml.htm | html2txt -f
    This means that type will output the myhtml.htm file to stdout and it will be `piped' to HTML2TXT. Practically this way will have the same effect as
      HTML2TXT myhtml.htm -s
    The output from redirection from standard input will always be sent to standard output, that means that if it has to be sent to a file, redirection has to be used again. Eg.
       type myhtml.htm | html2txt -f > myhtml.txt
    Now the output will be written to a file called myhtml.txt.
    If files are specified on the command line as well, the output will still depend on the standard_output parameter.
    For usage of redirection and `piping' check the manuals of the commandline interpreter (eg. or

  13. What is printed in the log files?

    The log file contains for each file it converts the full path of the input file and the full path of the output file. In addition to that the date and time will be printed. When standard input or output is used <stdin> and <stdout> will be printed instead. Also it contains all output written to the screen during conversion. However each line will be preceded by two double crosses (`#').

  14. Errors and Warnings
    ErrorError stringDescription
    1Illegal parameter. A command line parameter was not recognised.
    2No such file. No file was found matching the file name specification.
    3No filename specified. No file specification was found on the command line.
    4Config-file not found. The program could not locate the config-file, which is usually found in the current directory or in the directory containing HTML2TXT.EXE.
    5Ini-file not found. The program could not locate the ini-file (see error 4).
    6Error in ini-file. One entry in the ini-file was not defined.
    7Not enough memory. There was not enough memory to execute the program.
    8File could not be opened. One input file could not be found or opened.
    9Error in config-file. One entry in the config-file was not defined.
    10Too many entity references in ini-file. The ini-file contains too many codes to hold in memory. Increase the value in the config file.
    11File skipped. The file could not be converted. The output file already exists and do not overwrite was chosen.
    12Heap corrupted. Memory is being corrupted during the conversion, mostly of tables.
    13Too many rows in table. The table contains more rows than the program can keep in memory.
    14Too many columns in table. The table contains more columns than the program can keep in memory.
    15Specified path is illegal. The ini-file could not be found in the specified path.
    16Could not create temporary file. There is not enough space on the disk or there are not enough handles to open a temporary file.
    17File writing error: Disk full. An error occurred while writing a file, most like is that the disk is full.
    WarningWarning StringDescription
    256Unrecognised HTML-code. The HTML-code was not recognised, probably not defined.
    257Ill-constructed HTML-code. The HTML-code was different from the one expected, probably a closing tag forgotten or a missing `/' in a tag.
    258Illegal list item. The list item or list was of an illegal type.
    259Semicolon expected. The semicolon after an entity reference is missing. However there seems to be some decreasing use of the semicolon.
    260Illegal token. A token was encountered which was not legal in the context. Mostly those will be > or &.
    261Ill-constructed entity reference. The entity reference is not defined in the ini-file.
    262Misplaced tag, expected within <head>...</head>. The tag appeared outside of the head section, usually this is the title tag.
    263HTML-tag starts with space. The HTML tag starts with a space character.
    264Invalid list type. The type specified for a list item or a list was illegal.
    265Unexpected `>' encountered. A greater-than token was encountered without a matching less than token.
    266LI without list. An LI tag was encountered outside a list section.
    267DD without definition list. An DD tag was encountered outside a definition list.
    268DT without definition list. An DT tag was encountered outside a definition list.
    269Tables within tables not supported. A table section within a table was encountered.
    270Table cell truncated. A table cell contained more than 65K data.
    271Output path could not be created, default path used. The specified output path could not be used or created. Probably one of the directories in the path is a file.
  15. What does LONGFILE.BTM do?

    LONGFILE.BTM is a simple 4DOS batch file that uses HTML2TEXT to convert HTML-files to TEXT-files. This file will use Windows 95 long filenames. However this batch file has some limitations.

    There is no guarantee or whatsoever that this program will work correctly or even something near that. It has been tested very little and is probably error infested, when using commandline options. Use it at your own reponsibility. Further you are encouraged to improve the working of the batch file and send those versions to me.

      LONGFILE.BTM <filespecification>
    Where <filespecification> is the name of the file you want to convert. Wildcards are permitted and you can have multiple file specification on a line.

    Use this batch file at your own risk! It is not well tested. Future edition will probably have more advanced methods of using W95 long filenames. The source code is included, however, so that one can experiment with it a little.

  16. Why does it output look weird sometimes?

    Some people misuse HTML tags. For example <pre>...</pre> sections are used to insert newlines in the output. Or tables are used to define the layout of a whole page. In graphical browser, such as Netscape, this may lead to the intended result. However in a text-based system this may lead to large gaps of newlines and empty sections. And of course small columns with useful information.This is not a bug in HTML2TEXT but usually a result of lousy written HTML-codes, since HTML2TEXT tries to conform to the specification as good as possible. Most of the authors of such pages do not even bother to try and understand the HTML specs.

    Other `weird things' happen when some one writes something similar to the following fragment of HTML-code:
     Some text and<b> this </b>is very important.
    This would like like in the out as:
     Some text and* this *is very important.
    The spaces are at the `wrong' side of `*'. This is just what is done by the program (This probably is what Netscape does too but you cannot see it (or are the spaces slightly wider?)). The spaces are made bold too. Do remember that most tags are not word delimiters. Some are tho treated that way, such as <br> and <p>.

    One final word about weird output. The program does not remove trailing spaces. Mostly this is not necessary. But if it is necessary you'll have to do it yourself. Most good editors however have an option to remove these. Also there are filters enough that can handle it. The reason why the trailing spaces are not removed is that it will degrade performance drastically.

  17. The program works so slow what happened?

    In most cases the program does work quite fast. However on an older machine it may be that it runs quite slow. Mostly this is due to conversion of tables which takes quite some time. Anyway here are some hints to make it run faster (some are quite obvious):

  18. What's with those version numbers

    Version numbers are defined into several sections.
    In the first place there is a major version number, 1 currently. Which is followed by a dot. Then there is the minor version number, 50 now. The version is followed by a single character. `a' is a alpha release which is never released, only for my usage, lots of new functions have to be implemented or finished still. `b' is the beta release and most likely the normal release, since this version would not change much more, except for some bug fixes. `c' will denote an updated version from the beta release. Then there are internal revision. This number will be increased as changes are implemented each time. Plus a data of last editing will be entered (in Frisian). This date should be the same as the date that your operating system returns.

  19. Problems & Open Issues

  20. How to obtain a new copy of HTML2TEXT?

    There are several ways to obtain a copy of html2text:

    1. Download it here:

    2. Write an email to me and ask. I will return the latest copy attached to the reply as zipped archive.

    3. Write to my postal address and ask. Be sure to include enough (Dutch! no other currency will be accepted) money to cover the postage. Also include the return address. For Dutch return addresses include a SASE (with enough postage for a diskette). Only 3.5" diskettes will be used.

    4. Look at the nearest BBS or Internet site, for a copy. It is uploaded to Simtel usually.

  21. Is this program ported to other platforms?

    No, not yet. Currently it only works is DOS (3.3 or better). It should work in Windows and OS/2 DOS boxes. It should also work with most DOS emulators on other platforms.

  22. What's left do work out?

  23. What changes were made?

    • Fixed a bug, when one of the format string was empty, causing to print random data.
    • Fixed a bug, ignoring the first entity reference, of a certain length.
    • Fixed a small bug when reading escape character for input_fill_char
    • Increased customisability for format strings.
    • Added a few shortcut options.
    • Added the possibility to feed options through the config file.
    • Added support for multiple character sets for the entity references.
    • Redefined options, options are now case-sensitive too.
    • Optionally get rid of the `-=' and `=-' from the title.
    • Added customisability of displaying input, image and link tags.
    • Added possibility to specify an output path.
    • Added support for single and double quote for string enclosing within tags.
    • Added many new tags from HTML 4.0 Specification.
    • Re-wrote the larger part of this documentation.
    • Fixed a couple of bugs in generating warnings.
    • Fixed a bug in expanding wildcards. It doesn't expand directories anymore.
    • Many smaller bugs fixed.
    • Many small cosmetic changes.
    • Included LONGFILE.BTM.
    • Added support for list files.
    • Now word delimiters besides spaces and tabs and newlines, etc can be defined.
    • Added borders for tables and implemented the colspan attribute.
    • The entity references in tag attributes will be converted.
    • Redirection of input from standard input, is the default when no filename was specified instead of an error.
    • Added performing of underlines.
    • fixed a bug in reading a tag.
    • Bugs fixed and internal revisions.
    • Table reformatting improved (no more garbage output).
    • Multiple file specifications on commandline.
    • Fixed some bugs.
    • Improved commandline options parsing.
    • Added formatting of tables.
    • Better processing of user input (forms).
    • Line wrapping added internally (WORDWRAP.EXE is not necessary anymore).
    • Option added to set line wrap.
    • WORDWRAP package not included anymore.
    • Amp sequences of the format &#nnn; can now be defined, but can be ignored.
    • A very nasty bug fixed which corrupted the heap.
    • HTML warnings optional.
    • Added and removed commandline options.
    • Fixed a nasty bug, when outputting to STDOUT, the number of errors was displayed before the last text.
    • More intelligent algorithm for performing simple text.
    • Added value and type options to <LI> tag.
    • Added option for title.
    • Decreased default value for stack and tag size.
    • Documentation converted to HTML format.
    • First version, not released

  24. How to reach the author?

    Write email to:


    Note that previous email address ( and and are no longer valid.

    This the latest version of this file can be found at

Note 1: Anywhere I say Netscape, I mean browser ;-)